The History of Photography
Humans have for long had a fascination with photography in various forms. During the 16th century, primitive forms of the camera were used to trace scenes. These did not capture an image but rather projected on a darkened surface.
The very first image was created by Nicéphore Niépce a Frenchman in 1826, and involved the use of a petroleum derivative and a pewter plate. However, it was not very efficient and Niépce dabbled with other compounds. He combined his efforts with Louis Daguerre, who further made his own contribution to photography. He discovered how to create a fixed permanent image and invented a process called the Daguerreotype.
A British inventor William Talbot refined the process further and created the Calotype process. While it could produce positive prints he got entangled in legal issues and finally quit photography altogether. George Eastman further tweaked and perfected the process and was eventually credited as being the father of modern photography.
While Hippolyte Bayard, Frederick Archer and Slovene Puhar also came up with new processes it was the contribution of George Eastman, the founder of the world-famous Kodak Company that played a pivotal role in the development of photography, as we know it today. Eastman came up with the process of developing gel on paper or film and it caught on in popularity with the masses. The Kodak Brownie was the turning point when it was introduced in 1901, and photography became available to the general public.
Since then technology has developed at a rapid pace with digital photography now dominating the industry. It is used in all kinds of photography including wedding photography, event photography, studio photography etc.